The international network Enda

The five partners of the IWPAR project (Enda Europe, Enda Indian Ocean, Enda Ethiopia, Enda Vietnam and Enda Colombia) are part of an international network called Enda (Environment, Development and Action) founded in 1972 in Dakar, Senegal The Southern network is committed to the fight against poverty and promoting sustainable development of grassroots groups. For that, Enda works to promote access to basic services such as access to clean water and sanitation, gender equality and the protection of natural resources, community health (HIV / AIDS), and urban agriculture: (English version)


Enda Europe website

Enda Europe is an association under French law (Law 1901) and a member of the international network, Enda Europe whose experience justifies and inspires action. Enda is a French association which operates in Europe and internationally as a member of an international network strongly based in the South.

Extending Enda Tiers Monde’s vision and missions and together with its entities, Enda Europe considers the following as a unique contribution: Enda Europe is aware of the fact that most countries in the world face challenges that are not only similar in their symptoms but that are also similar in their deeply rooted causes (environmental degradation, marginalisation of certain social groups, continual violence in many forms, increasingly complex economies, policies and social relations), with means that are unequally distributed to adapt to these challenges, and continuously coming up with solutions to these challenges. Thus, Enda Europe’s work is in favour of awareness and a process of actions, particularly in the North, on these issues and the circulation (South-South, South-North, North-North, North-South) of the best suited practices to solve these problems.

Enda Europe focuses on five missions of its own while extending those of Enda Tiers Monde:

  • Carry the voice of Enda entities in the South and dynamics involved concerning the popular workers they support.
  • Engage and influence North-South public policy but also "shaking" principles that underpin the practices of these actors, both public and private, that conduct activities in the South.
  • Enhance the experience and expertise in the problems of the South in the North, particularly in the areas of environmental stewardship, participation or popular dialogue and the fight against exclusion and gender inequality.
  • Contribute to challenging Enda entities in the South and their partners regarding emerging issues on North-South interdependence (including environmental and migration policies).
  • To mobilize help financially, from people and partnerships to enhance the action of Enda in the South.

For Enda Europe, given its bases and social places, the "voiceless" who need the most support today are migrants, women entrepreneurs or victims of social violence, scavengers and informal waste recyclers, young foreign students in France, popular promoters of water and sanitation programs, residents and inhabitants of densely populated neighborhoods, etc. ... This is to enable social change, including the evolution of social protection, access and control over resources, development of responsibility in the social realm, between generations and across gender, by promoting the expression of strategic interests of social groups that cannot usually be seen or heard.

Enda Europe now operates in the following areas:

  • Migration and Development
  • Urban Environment
  • Gender and Development
  • Development Education
  • Policy dialogue and advocacy

Enda Indian Ocean


Enda Indian Ocean, the decentralized autonomous entity of the International network Enda tiers-monde, was created in Antananarivo in 1996. Enda IO’s mission is sustainable development using a strategy that builds on local actors’ capacity in their development projects, whether they be individual (housing, employment) or collective (hygiene). Enda IO concentrates its actions on the most disadvantaged populations, families and adolescents. The team is in daily contact with actors of its different projects.


Enda’s target groups are individuals or families in difficulty, or neighborhoods of Antananarivo, that need the support and expertise of Enda OI to implement a project. The Enda team is in direct contact with people in their target groups everyday. Enda OI has developed and directed all its actions towards a common strategy to strengthen and support local actors in achieving social individual or collective development projects. The commitment to the project must be strong, or become strong with the support of Enda. Enda is involved in research and implementation of alternative development with grassroots groups, based on their experience and according to their objectives. This commitment to the poor is transformed by having presence at all levels of action and decision; the development of retraceable steps, joint action, research, training and communication.


The principals of Enda IO’s actions are:

  • To address clearly identified needs in areas less attended to by other development actors
  • To involve beneficiaries in the conception and the implementation of projects
  • To form partnerships with institutions, local governments, associations and organizations that share the same objectives
  • To experiment with new methods and approaches in order tocapitalize on and diffuse best practices

Enda IO develops programs in 5 domains:

  • Social inclusion for youth in difficulty (Antananarivo, Mahajanga)
  • Training of social actors (Antananarivo)
  • Social housing (Antananarivo)
  • Hygiene in disadvantaged neighborhoods (latrines and trash collection) (Antananarivo, Mahajanga)
  • Domestic Violence (Antananarivo)

Enda Colombia

Enda Colombia website

ENDA Latin America - Colombia is an NGO that has operated in Bogotá since 1983. International Network and is part of the international network of Enda Tiers Monde.

In Colombia, Enda was launched as a program with the intention of constructing social and technological alternatives for the improvement of neighbourhoods, in accordance with the Centre of Urban Planning from the University of the Andes. The NGO then diversified its operations, expanding its operations to popular education, social technology appropriate for women, recycling, alternative urban environment, the creation and promotion of youth networks, the support of communities that frequently relocate and diverse populations. The organisation was constituted legally and independentlyin 1988 and it obtained legal status on the 20 of October 1989.


Enda Colombia works diligently towards sustainability to improve social and environmental constructions in towns with the aim of reinforcing democracy, non-violence, pluralism, and equality concerning economic, cultural and gender issues. To this end, in the domain of urban environmental management, human development favours individual and collective urban sectors, organisational consolidation, their articulation with other actors, and their affect on public policy and as actors who are central in the town, the encouragement of South-South partners and the creation of new North-South relations.


In 2016, Enda Colombia will be recognized internationally, nationally, regionally and locally, as an organisation that put in place community management of public affairs, notably concerning water, the management of waste and food sovereignty and the formulation of public policy.


Enda calls into question and considers the sustainability of towns and their impact on the environment. With this in mind, the activities of Enda Colombia are directed towards urban environmental management and the community. To reach its goals, Enda Columbia works together with local individuals and organisations to promote the dignity of residents of the city, particularly in the city of Bogota, while at the same time engaging in the fight against exploitation of society and of the environment. Enda has identified the treatment of waste, the management of public resources like water, and urban planning as its priorities. In addition, Enda works with informal waste collectors and recyclers and their organisations to raise awareness about the treatment of waste.

Enda Vietnam

Enda Vietnam website


Enda Vietnam was founded in 1993 and officially licensed in 1997. Enda Vietnam’s mission is to work with local communities to develop environmental, social, and economic strategies to improve the wellbeing of the poor and underprivileged among the Vietnamese population, all of which is in accordance with the governmental objective of equality of life for all. Enda Vietnam is engaged in promoting human dignity, pluralism, cultural diversity and equality between sexes.


Enda Vietnam’s vision is that of a “Vietnamese society where people can live together in a peaceful, democratic and equal manner and a Vietnamese society where governments, citizens and social organizations strengthen each other in order to fight  poverty and injustice as well as to build healthy environment conditions.”

The exchange of experiences is equally important in training methods, auto-assistance and education. This exchange is carried out thanks to exchange activities between community groups. In this manner, Enda Vietnam tries to encourage understanding and solidarity between communities from different cities. Enda Vietnam believes in both local and national solutions which will then lead to mutual support between developing countries, particularly those in Asia.


In order to reach this objective, Enda Vietnam believes in the importance of fostering good relationships between communities at the local and national level. These relationships will in turn impact relationships on a larger scale and lead to greater understanding and mutual support between developing countries, but in particular those in Asia. With that end in mind, Enda Vietnam considers community development as its core approach to achieve beneficial situations for all (WIN-WIN relations)

  • The following represent some key components of Enda Vietnam’s community development approach:
  • Community infrastructure upgrading
  • Support of private waste collectors and recyclers
  • Advocacy and consulting for policy change
  • Development of appropriate financial mechanisms for relocation and resettlements
  • Influence governmental resettlement and housing policies to support the poorest households and the most vulnerable groups
  • Create supportive mechanism for better integration of migrant communities

Enda Ethiopia


Enda-Ethiopia’s approach is to help the local people seek appropriate solutions to their problems, make the most of local resources, negotiate and identify means of action, organize their activities and assess their own methods and results. When dealing with grassroots groups (women, youth, craftmen, urban farmers, etc.), Enda-Ethiopia encourages its members to come up with their own projects for implementation by or with the members of these groups. Enda-Ethiopia also believes that individual efforts have a sustainable impact in so far as they combine with the actions of others. All endeavours initiated by Enda-Ethiopia are therefore undertaken in association with other partners. The participation of individuals and partners at different levels in the development process is sought.


Enda implements programs to:

  1. Improve living conditions in the Kebeles
    Enda supports the efforts of grass roots groups in Addis Ababa to improve living conditions within their environment, especially women and youth.
  2. Urban agriculture
    One of Enda-Ethiopia’s approaches in the fight against poverty is to promote urban agriculture, so that bare plots in the cities can be used to produce nutritious food.
  3. Sustainable agriculture
    Enda-Ethiopia’s programme for the promotion and expansion of sustainable agriculture in Ethiopia consists of 3 major components; training, networking and communication programs on sustainable agriculture in Ethiopia to maximize skills, expertise, resources, data and research results on sustainable agriculture.
  4. Environmental education
    The publication of a magazine that deals with environmental and development issues in Ethiopia. Enda works with Ethiopian and German partners on research and development projects (IGNIS) and equally with the International Labour Organisation (ILO) for the informal training of 440 pre-collectors of waste on domestic composting.
  5. Urban environmental economy program
    The Popular Urban Environmental Economy Programme is an ENDA programme conducted in different countries where ENDA is operational.

Other partners

Enda Europe, like other NGOs, could not act without the precious support of its volunteers, human richness that promotes exchange and diversity within our organization. The IWPAR project, boosted by its spirit of experience sharing and solidarity must therefore count on them.

Massive thanks to the volunteers of Enda Europe and namely, Constanza Fuentes, Dona Bayounguissa, Juliette Palmade, Carole Millereux, Claire Cuisenier, Gloria Bâ, Sara Desessard and Helen Le Doaré who translated most of the handouts of best practices inserted in this website.

We also sincerely thank the professional translators of the association Translators Without Borders for the quality help and support brought ​​to this project. The entire translation of this website in Spanish and the first summary report on the living and working conditions of popular waste recyclers goes to them. Find more information about the association on their website:

Translators Without Borders logo

Our financial partners

European Commission German Ministry of Education Research French Ministry of Employment (CNASEA) Geneva Third World RAJA Fondation Grupo Familia Fondation Logo CDC Solidarity Developpement Logo

European Commission, German Ministry of Education, Research, French Ministry of Employment (CNASEA), Geneva Third World,
the Raja Foundation, the Grupo Familia Fondation and the CDC Solidarity Developpement association.